Wuhan International Park | 3GATTI

Wuhan International Park

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Wuhan International Park
Theme Park for the Wuhan 2015 Garden Expo

This project is a theme park representing the gardens and atmospheres of different countries of the world and is meant to be built for the 2015 Wuhan Garden Expo.
Is located at the entrance of the Expo area just next to the main building designed by Rem Koolhaas. The present site is a small flat hill made of garbage deposit so one of our main concerns in the design was the soil volumes and strategy to cover in safety the existing toxic morphology.
After a first phase fighting with the client vision of a cheesy theme park made of cheap stereotypes like the tour Eiffel or picturesque north Europe old cottages we finally reached a decent compromise designing a more conceptual vision of the different countries atmospheres.
The general landscape will be made of circular holes pattern carved on the new layer of soil that will cover the original hill. Each hole will contain the garden/pavilion of a different country.
The more interesting design is for sure the one for the Japanese Pavilion inspired by the Zen garden and the meditation concept. The plan layout is a precise fixed overlap of three layers made of dense bamboo forest, helium white metaballs balloons and perforated metal bridges.
The shape of those layers is made using a parametric metaball algorithm connected by USB with a simplified EEG helmet machine so to dynamically change the shapes during a meditation session of our chief architect. The outcome of this experiment was a large collection of different shapes so we could choose the more appropriate for the functionality and space quality.
The loop of creating trough meditation a space for collective meditation is original but surely inspired by Asian philosophy of Daoism and Amida Buddhism. Daoist legends spoke of five mountainous islands inhabited by the Eight Immortals, who lived in perfect harmony with nature. Each Immortal flew from his mountain home on the back of a crane. The islands themselves were located on the back of an enormous sea turtle. In Japan, the five islands of the Chinese legend became one island, called Horai-zen, or Mount Horai. Replicas of this legendary mountain, the symbol of a perfect world, are a common feature of Japanese gardens, as are rocks volumes representing turtles and cranes.
The French pavilion is composed of three volume suspended on top of a structural glass labyrinth developed trough a lavender garden striped pattern. Here the challenge was to use thick glass walls to support the weight of the pavilions. The tension of walking under a massive volume without any pillars is the main energy of this garden.
The British pavilion is a round volume suspended in the middle of the ground hole by steel lines anchored to the crater edge. The volume is wrapped with a layer of dense net that will function as a support for climbing greenery.
The Dutch pavilion is a polygonal branched volume that connect different flows of people from the different areas of the park.
The diversity of each pavilion will narrate to the visitor’s different stories for different countries in the continuity of the rounded paths of the park.

武汉国际友城园
武汉2015园博会主题园区

该项目是为2015年武汉园博会园区所设计建造的主题式公园——“国际友城园”,设计运用了不同的建筑和园艺元素诠释了各个国家不同的文化风情。
该园区位于园博园入口出,紧邻雷姆•库哈斯设计的园区大楼。此地块的现有功能是一座大型的垃圾填埋场,因此我们设计的一大挑战也正是在于如何科学地设计计算土方量,使之不仅在满足理想设计要求的同时建造出更为安全环保的环境。

为了扭转业主对于国家风情主题公园就是“埃菲尔铁塔雕塑,北欧风情屋”的刻板印象,我们做出了不懈的努力。最终达成了这样一个,不落俗套又让业主满意的当代版国家风情主题公园设计。

整体友城园景观是在一层新的土地上进行环形切割,从而覆盖住原有的地面坡度。每个环形景观中又包含了一个代表各个国家的庭院设计或展馆设计。

其中最为出彩的是从日式枯山水园林和静心冥想所得到灵感的日本馆。整体展馆平面外围由紧密排列的竹林和设计巧妙的充气“浮云”变形球体所包围,再结合冲孔金属桥梁作为穿行区域。
该外围形态则是通过参数化变形球运算程序与一个简易的脑电图头盔测试系统互相连接,在主设计师参与冥想的过程中,逐步动态地测控绘制出大量绝无仅有的流畅造型。而我们则受益于这个实验,从而有幸在获取的大量不同形态中挑选出了最为适合该展馆空间的造型。
虽说通过集体冥想的思想回路来进行空间创作是前无古人的,但毋庸置疑这种创作模式必是受到了深远的古老道教哲学与阿弥陀佛的影响。道教传说中八仙都住在与自然和谐相处的五大岛屿的山脉之上,外出返回时都驾鹤归来,而整个岛屿则坐落于一只巨大无边的海龟背脊上。在日本,这个传说中的五大岛屿变为了一座岛屿上的Horai山。因此我们取这个故事寓意对完美世界的追求,通过相类似的日式庭院外形特征,配合诠释海龟与仙鹤的自然岩石,完美“复刻”了这一古老的神话故事背景。

其他展馆如法国馆则是三个独立的建筑体量架空悬浮于结构玻璃墙迷宫之上,迷宫中还种植覆盖了香气四溢色彩浪漫的薰衣草法国特色植物。这个项目的挑战在于如何能使用玻璃墙体作为主体展馆的结构支撑,使其达到良好的视觉效果并且安全稳固。而同时这种透视的悬空感还能为在桥梁上方步行的游客体验到有趣兴奋的刺激感觉。
另外,英国馆是一个四周通过锚式固定,且利用钢制斜拉线架空于凹陷景观地形之上的一个特色展馆。英国馆馆身之外还包覆上一定厚度的网格,使花卉植物能够更好地于上生长,创造美妙别致的景观氛围。
最后,荷兰馆作为友城园内较为中心的展馆,外形呈现为充满现代荷兰特色的多边形分枝状,使游客能四通八达的通向园区内各个不同区域。
最终我们将通过园区内蜿蜒曲折的步行区域呈现且串联出令游客目不暇接的景观区域,并且让游客自由的在其中发掘探索不同国家所带来的不同风情特色。

WUHAN INTERNATIONAL PARK CREDITS:

Programme: Garden Expo park, 4 architectural pavilions, 4 thematic gardens.

Architecture firm: 3GATTI
Chief architect: Francesco Gatti
Project manager: Valentina Brunetti
Collaborators: Wang Lin, Gregorio Chierici, Wang Xiyue, YingLing Kong, Lim Paoyee, Mate Mészáros, Qi Chang, Yang Xue, Yang Junpeng

Client: Wuhan Hankoli Culture & Innovation Ltd.
Local design institute: WISDRI engineering & research incorporation Limited and Bambu Space
Contractor: China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co.,Ltd

Location: Garden Expo area, Wuhan

Total area: 19140 m2 Landscape, 1528 m2 Architecture

Design period: July - September 2014
Construction period: September 2014 – June 2015

武汉国际友城园项目简介:
设计内容:园博会主题园,4个建筑展馆,4个主题花园
设计公司:3GATTI
总设计师:Francesco Gatti
项目经理:Valentina Brunetti
设计团队:Wang Lin, Gregorio Chierici, Wang Xiyue, YingLing Kong, Lim Paoyee, Mate Mészáros, Qi Chang, Yang Xue, Yang Junpeng
业主:武汉汉口里文化创意有限公司
合作设计院:中冶南方院,上海筑竹空间设计有限公司
施工团队:中国建筑第三工程局有限公司
项目地点:园博会园区,武汉
总面积:景观面积19140 m2 ,建筑面积1528 m2
设计时间:2014年7月至9月
施工时间:2014年9月至2015年6月