Wuhan International Park | 3GATTI

Wuhan International Park


Wuhan International Park
Theme Park for the Wuhan 2015 Garden Expo

This project is a theme park representing the gardens and atmospheres of different countries of the world and is meant to be built for the 2015 Wuhan Garden Expo.
Is located at the entrance of the Expo area just next to the main building designed by Rem Koolhaas. The present site is a small flat hill made of garbage deposit so one of our main concerns in the design was the soil volumes and strategy to cover in safety the existing toxic morphology.
After a first phase fighting with the client vision of a cheesy theme park made of cheap stereotypes like the tour Eiffel or picturesque north Europe old cottages we finally reached a decent compromise designing a more conceptual vision of the different countries atmospheres.
The general landscape will be made of circular holes pattern carved on the new layer of soil that will cover the original hill. Each hole will contain the garden/pavilion of a different country.
The more interesting design is for sure the one for the Japanese Pavilion inspired by the Zen garden and the meditation concept. The plan layout is a precise fixed overlap of three layers made of dense bamboo forest, helium white metaballs balloons and perforated metal bridges.
The shape of those layers is made using a parametric metaball algorithm connected by USB with a simplified EEG helmet machine so to dynamically change the shapes during a meditation session of our chief architect. The outcome of this experiment was a large collection of different shapes so we could choose the more appropriate for the functionality and space quality.
The loop of creating trough meditation a space for collective meditation is original but surely inspired by Asian philosophy of Daoism and Amida Buddhism. Daoist legends spoke of five mountainous islands inhabited by the Eight Immortals, who lived in perfect harmony with nature. Each Immortal flew from his mountain home on the back of a crane. The islands themselves were located on the back of an enormous sea turtle. In Japan, the five islands of the Chinese legend became one island, called Horai-zen, or Mount Horai. Replicas of this legendary mountain, the symbol of a perfect world, are a common feature of Japanese gardens, as are rocks volumes representing turtles and cranes.
The French pavilion is composed of three volume suspended on top of a structural glass labyrinth developed trough a lavender garden striped pattern. Here the challenge was to use thick glass walls to support the weight of the pavilions. The tension of walking under a massive volume without any pillars is the main energy of this garden.
The British pavilion is a round volume suspended in the middle of the ground hole by steel lines anchored to the crater edge. The volume is wrapped with a layer of dense net that will function as a support for climbing greenery.
The Dutch pavilion is a polygonal branched volume that connect different flows of people from the different areas of the park.
The diversity of each pavilion will narrate to the visitor’s different stories for different countries in the continuity of the rounded paths of the park.








Programme: Garden Expo park, 4 architectural pavilions, 4 thematic gardens.

Architecture firm: 3GATTI
Chief architect: Francesco Gatti
Project manager: Valentina Brunetti
Collaborators: Wang Lin, Gregorio Chierici, Wang Xiyue, YingLing Kong, Lim Paoyee, Mate Mészáros, Qi Chang, Yang Xue, Yang Junpeng

Client: Wuhan Hankoli Culture & Innovation Ltd.
Local design institute: WISDRI engineering & research incorporation Limited and Bambu Space
Contractor: China Construction Third Engineering Bureau Co.,Ltd

Location: Garden Expo area, Wuhan

Total area: 19140 m2 Landscape, 1528 m2 Architecture

Design period: July - September 2014
Construction period: September 2014 – June 2015

总设计师:Francesco Gatti
项目经理:Valentina Brunetti
设计团队:Wang Lin, Gregorio Chierici, Wang Xiyue, YingLing Kong, Lim Paoyee, Mate Mészáros, Qi Chang, Yang Xue, Yang Junpeng
总面积:景观面积19140 m2 ,建筑面积1528 m2